Major Reasons Why Young People Get Cataracts

Cataracts are common eye conditions prevalent in the elderly population. As per research, cataract affects over 94.6% of people between 75 and above. Yet the condition is not uncommon among young adults.

This article provides complete information about Cataracts in young age people, its symptoms, causes and treatment methods. 

What are Cataracts?

Cataract is the clouding of lens in the eye leading to a decrease in vision. It may either develop in one eye or affect both eyes. It restricts the light entering the eye, which causes blurry vision, eventually leading to blindness.

What Are The Different Types Of Cataracts?

There are majorly four types of Cataract which include:

  • Nuclear Cataract: At first, nuclear cataracts may lead to nearsightedness in the beginning and temporarily improve reading vision. As the cataract advances the lens turns yellow or brown in color.
  • Cortical Cataracts: Cortical Cataract affects the outer edge of the lens cortex or the wedge-shaped opacities, which begins to turn white. As the Cataract progresses, the streaks extend to the center, obstructing the light passing through the lens.
  • Congenital Cataract Wherein children are born with the condition or develop during childhood. Congenital Cataracts may be genetic or associated with either trauma or intrauterine infection.
  • Posterior Subcapsular Cataract: Starts as an opaque area near the back of the lens right in the path of light, reducing vision.

What Are The Symptoms Of Having Cataracts?

In the beginning, the cloudiness of vision may only affect a small part of the eye lens. However, it may soon progress into an enormous cloud covering the entire vision, obstructing the light entering the lens. The signs include:

  • Dim or blurred vision
  • Difficulty in seeing at night
  • Experiencing halos around lights
  • Yellowing of colors
  • Experiencing double vision 
  • Sensitivity to light

Can Young People Get Cataracts?

Contrary to the perception of Cataracts affecting people in the elderly. Cataracts in young adults are also common, even those in their 20’s. Cataracts occur in the young age group called “Infantile Cataracts”. While cortical and nuclear cataracts develop gradually, it tends to advance with age. On the other hand, posterior subcapsular Cataract is common among young people and progresses quickly. 

Some babies are born with cataracts, which may be because of the inborn metabolism in the children. So, Children can also get cataracts and these are known as childhood cataracts or Congenital Cataracts.

What are the risk factors of premature cataracts?

Some of the risk factors that can lead to premature Cataracts(Cataracts in young adults) include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Exposure to sunlight
  • Eye injury and inflammation
  • Any eye surgery
  • Intake of corticosteroid medication
  • Diabetes
  • Intake of excessive alcohol

 How can you prevent younger-age cataracts?

No studies have proven how to prevent cataracts or slow the progression of cataracts. But doctors think several strategies may be helpful, including:

  • Regularly get your eyes examined to detect any eye conditions or early onset of cataracts.
  • Protect your eyes from harmful UVB rays by wearing sunglasses.
  • Stop smoking and if you are unable to restrict yourself, you can also get counseling.
  • Reduce excessive intake of alcohol
  • Include plenty of vegetables and fruits in your health. 
    • Example: Healthy vitamins like Vitamin C, Vitamin E, and Antioxidants like lutein and zeaxanthin, which are present in vegetables like carrots, Sweet Potatoes, kale, spinach, and collard greens.
  • Maintain your diabetes to reduce the risk of Cataracts.
  • Visit an Ophthalmologist to get your eye’s vision checked on witnessing any signs or symptoms.

How to Diagnose a Premature Cataract?

Eye examinations by an ophthalmologist can help detect cataracts and other eye problems at their earlier stages.

How to Treat Premature Cataracts?

Treating Cataracts will majorly depend if it is causing any trouble. If the vision is affected by a Cataract, it requires surgery to remove the cloudy lenses. However, diagnosing the condition in time is integral to incorporating proper treatment.

Allevia Medical Center’s ophthalmology department has the best Ophthalmologists in Qatar to get your child’s eyes checked for Cataracts. Our well-experienced eye specialists are professionals in diagnosing cataracts in young adults and children as well as preventing premature Cataracts from affecting your vision permanently.

FAQs – Cataracts in Young Adults

  • What Is the Youngest Age For Cataracts?

    • Cataracts affect people as young as 40 years of age. However, it may affect individuals of any age group.

  • What Are The Symptoms of Cataracts in Children?

    • The commonest symptom of Cataracts in children is the absence of a red reflex when a photographer flashes light in the eyes. It also includes the presence of cloudy vision.

  • What is The Cause of Early Cataracts?

    • Early onset of Cataracts is caused due to various conditions like eczema, eye trauma or surgery, hypertension, diabetes, or hereditary disease.

  • Can Vitamins Prevent Premature Cataracts?

    • Vitamins like Vitamin C, E, and A, Zinc, Lutein, Zeaxanthin, and Gluthathoine help prevent premature cataracts.

  • Can Younger Age Cataracts be Cured?

    • Early detection of Cataracts can be treated using contact lenses, glasses or surgery if it is severely impacted.

  • Is There a Way to Stop Cataracts From Advancing?

    • A healthy diet that is rich in antioxidants helps in stopping its progress.

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