Is your child frequently experiencing urinary tract infections (UTIs)? Besides, watching your child in pain and discomfort is not only scary but frustrating, especially if they do not know the reason. Thus recognizing the symptoms and cause of urinary infection will help parents provide quick relief and care to the child.
This article details Urinary problems in children and the ways to prevent discomfort due to UTIs.
What is a Urinary infection?
Urinary infection (UTI) is a condition that develops in any part of the urinary tract. These can include infections in parts like bladders, ureters, kidneys and the urethra. Besides, the infection is often experienced in the lower urinary tract region, which consists of the urethra and the bladder.
Symptoms of Urinary infection in Children
Most children are prone to airborne and other infections like cold and cough. However, urinary tract infections are also equally common in kids during schooling. As per research, over 8% and 2% of boys and girls under the age of 5 years tend to experience infections.
Nonetheless, the symptoms can be pretty difficult to spot. Here are a few signs of understanding Urinary Tract Infection (UTI).
- Does your child feel a burning sensation while peeing?
- Is your kid experiencing pain in the bladder during peeing?
- Does your child always feel the urge to go and frequently pee, even if it’s only a few drops?
- Does your child pass cloudy, foul-smelling urine?
- Are there strains of blood in the urine?
If you tick 1 or all of the questions above, your child may be infected with a urinary tract infection.
The other symptoms include:
- Loss of appetite
- Unable to gain weight easily
- Pain in the lower abdomen and the pubic bone
- Frequent tiredness and chills
- Loss of control in urinating
Main causes of urinary infection in school-going children
- The primary cause of UTI is bacteria present in the bowel. The bladder has its system to flush out the bacteria through urine to free it out of viruses and fungi too. However, few children do not have the immunity to fight the bacteria, which causes frequent urinary infections in school-going children.
- Children are prone to infections when the germs travel to the urethra and begin to grow there. Additionally, often bacterial infection is caused in the digestive tract, the commonest being E.coli, i.e. Escherichia coli, which lives in the colon.
- Most children tend to hold their pee for an extended period and rush out to the bathroom, which causes bacterial infection.
Common Urinary Problems in school-going children
- Overactive Bladder
- Overactive bladder is common in children occur due to hyperactive bladder. It happens when the child does feel the urge to empty the bladder.
- Frequent urgency syndrome
- The child may need to visit the bathroom every 10 minutes frequently. It often lasts from a month to a year and goes away independently.
- Uncoordinated Peeing Disorder
- It happens when the child cannot hold her frequent urge of urination. In addition, the inability to empty the bladder causes infections and frequent wetting and may damage the kidney. Kids suffering from uncoordinated voiding may also be unable to hold feces and soil their undergarments.
How is Urinary Infection Diagnosed?
Healthcare professionals may use different methods to diagnose urinary tract infections (UTIs). The experts may follow one or more methods for diagnosing urinary problems in children:
The process is called urinalysis, wherein the child’s urine is collected and sent to the lab. Herein, the urine is tested for white and red blood cells, protein and signs of bacteria.
Voiding Cystourethrogram (VCUG)
It includes taking an X-ray of the urinary tract wherein a thin and flexible catheter is inserted in the tube for draining urine from the bladder from the urethra. Furthermore, the bladder is later filled with a liquid dye to take an image of the bladder as it fills and empties. The pictures highlight the reverse flow of urine into the kidneys and ureters.
A kidney ultrasound scan is a painless imaging procedure that uses sound waves to take images of tissues, blood vessels, and organs. The process is used to show the internal organs’ images and assess the vessel’s blood flow. Besides, it is a standard test to check UTIs in boys or girls below 5 or 6 years old. You can always choose Allevia, if you are searching for the best ultra sound scan services in Qatar.
How to prevent urinary infection in school-going children?
Guiding your kids early in life can help in preventing infections. These include teaching bathroom habits and assisting them in speaking out about the discomfort they feel. Here are a few suggestions to prevent UTIs in children:
- Teach children bathroom habits
- Educate your kids about properly wiping from the front to back and their urethral area.
- Teach them not to reuse toilet tissues that are already used.
- Choose appropriate cotton underpants, especially during summer, to allow air to circulate below.
- Avoid clothing that is tight or skinny jeans which restrict the circulation of air and builds bacteria causing infection.
- Avoid giving your kids bubble baths which include frothy soaps. It can lead to skin irritation in and around the genital region
- Keep your children hydrated
- Teach them not to hold on to their pee or stool for a long time
- Make your child empty their bladder after peeing
When should we consult a doctor?
Urinary tract infection can be prevented by taking precautions and educating your child about toilet habits. However, it is necessary to consult a doctor if your child is facing the following:
- Is your child facing fever with chills over 101 Fahrenheit or 100.4 Fahrenheit, especially in infants?
- Does your child’s urine have a foul smell?
- Did you notice blood or discolouration in your child’s pee?
- Is your child experiencing lower back or pain in the lower belly button?
If you notice any of the above symptoms in your child combined with other symptoms like vomiting, poor appetite, and irritability, then it is best to consult a pediatrician.
Allevia Medical Center is known as the best pediatric hospital in Qatar. The hospital comprises pediatricians who are experts in the field and have years of experience in making the child feel comfortable through the process of diagnosis and treatment. Furthermore, they are known for their quality services and for providing the best treatment to resolve your child from pain.
A child may feel pain and the urge to pee frequently combined with other symptoms; it is necessary to consult a pediatrician who will help diagnose and treat the kid. Thus, knowing well about urinary tract infections is also integral to help relieve the trouble.